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Sex and Relationship Education (SRE) Policy

This policy was written in consultation with the Governors, Headteacher, staff, the school nurse and parents of children at Croft School and with reference to DfES Sex and Relationship Guidance 2000. The policy will be reviewed and evaluated every two years and will take into account pupils' views and different cultures.

 

 

What Is Sex and Relationship Education?

Sex and Relationship Education is lifelong learning about physical, sexual, moral and emotional development.  It is about the understanding of the importance of stable and loving relationships, respect, love and care, for family life.  It involves acquiring information, developing skills and forming positive beliefs, values and attitudes.

Rationale

Sex and relationships education is an important aspect of education for all pupils as sexual development is an integral and significant part of a pupils’ personal development.

Principles and Values 

In addition, Croft Church of England Primary School believes that SRE should: 

  • Be an integral part of the lifelong learning process, beginning in early childhood and continue into adult life. 
  • Recognise that parents/carers are the key people in teaching their children about relationships, growing up and sex. 
  • Be an entitlement for all pupils in our care. 
  • Encourage every pupil to contribute to their community and aims to support each individual as they grow and learn. 
  • Be set within this wider school context and support family commitment and love, respect and affection, knowledge and openness. Family is a broad concept; not just one model. It includes a variety of types of family structure, and acceptance of different approaches, including sexual orientation, without promotion of any particular family structure. We consider the important values to be love, respect and care for each other. 
  • In our school and community, we aim to encourage pupils and teachers to share and respect each other’s views. We aim to generate an atmosphere where questions and discussion on personal matters can take place without any stigma or embarrassment. 
  • Raise awareness of discrimination, teasing, bullying. The use of prejudiced-based language, including that of a homophobic, biphobic and transphobic nature, and how to respond and ask for help. 
  • Recognise that the wider community has much to offer and we aim to work in partnership with health professionals, social workers, other mentors or advisers.

Legislation 

This policy is informed by Sex and Relationship Education Guidance DfEE 0116/2000

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/sex-and-relationship-education

Further supplementary guidance has been produced ‘Sex and Relationships Education for the 21st Century’ (March 2014)

Personal Development and Relationship Education in our school has three main elements:

Personal and Social Skills

  • learning to manage emotions and relationships confidently and sensitively
  • developing self-respect and empathy for others
  • learning to make choices with an absence of prejudice
  • developing an appreciation of the consequences of choices made
  • managing conflict
  • empowering pupils with the skills to be able to recognise inappropriate/ uncomfortable situations and/or behaviours with their peers and adults

Attitudes and Values

  • learning the importance of values, individual conscience and moral choices
  • learning the value of family life, stable and loving relationships and marriage
  • learning about the nurture of children
  • demonstrating the values of respect, love and care
  • exploring, considering and understanding moral dilemmas
  • developing skills including negotiation and decision-making
  • challenging misconceptions

Knowledge and Understanding

  • Language – talk, listen, share, discuss, question, negotiate
  • Decision making – assess options, make choices, predict outcomes
  • Assertiveness – expression of feelings
  • Relationships with others – making and managing friendships
  • Personal safety – apply practices for keeping safe
  • Learning and understanding physical and emotional development at appropriate stages
  • Understanding physical and emotional changes and the development of relationships
  • Learning about reproduction, human sexuality and personal health
  • Learning about where to go for help or advice in school and how to access a range of local and national support agencies 

Aims

  • To provide knowledge and information
  • To encourage respect and consideration for others
  • To foster self-esteem
  • To encourage personal responsibility

 

The aim of Personal Social Health Education is to provide balanced factual information about physical and emotional changes, together with consideration of the broader emotional, ethical, religious and moral dimensions of sexual health. Our PSHE programme aims to prepare pupils through an age and maturity appropriate curriculum, which will prepare them for an adult life in which they can:

  • develop positive values and a moral framework that will guide their decisions, judgements and behaviour; have the confidence and self-esteem to value themselves and others and respect for individual conscience and the skills to judge what kind of relationship they want.
  • understand the consequences of their actions and behave responsibly within developing relationships.
  • avoid being pressured into uncomfortable or dangerous situations.
  • communicate effectively by developing appropriate terminology for sex and relationship issues.
  • develop awareness of their sexuality, understand differences and promote equality and diversity
  • have sufficient information and skills to protect themselves from infection
  • be aware of sources of help and acquire the skills and confidence to access health advice and support

Roles and Responsibilities

The PSHE Leader

The school has a Leader for PSHE who is responsible for all aspects of the subject including SRE.  In respect of SRE, responsibilities are to:

  • ensure that all staff are confident in the skills to teach and discuss SRE issues
  • monitor and advise on organisation, planning and resource issues across the school
  • ensure procedures for assessment, monitoring and evaluation are included
  • liaise with the named governor for SRE
  • review / update the policy on a three-year cycle.

The Head Teacher

The Head Teacher has responsibility for the day-to-day management of all aspects of the school’s work, including teaching and learning.  

The Head Teacher’s responsibilities in respect of SRE are to:

  • liaise with the PSHE Leader
  • keep the governing body fully informed of issues and progress in SRE
  • act upon any concerns which may arise from pupil disclosure during SRE sessions.

The Governing Body

The Governing body, in co-operation with the Head Teacher, determines / agrees the school’s general policy and approach to SRE provision for all pupils. They will continue their involvement through evaluation by the named governor. 

The Teacher

Teaching children about SRE is a whole-school, on-going process and all teachers are sensitive to each individual pupil’s needs.  Teachers promote positive, healthy choices and relationships on a daily basis.  It is the responsibility of all staff to teach SRE in line with the principles and statements set out in this policy, and in particular:

  • to establish with pupils a set of ground rules which set the parameters for discussion
  • to recognise when there is a concern about sexual abuse and to follow concerns under Child Protection procedures
  • promote the spiritual, moral, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils at the school
  • prepare pupils for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of adult life
  • discuss all types of relationships with sensitivity and respect
  • approach the teaching of SRE with an awareness of the children’s needs in this area e.g. through assessment of their knowledge and understanding; through dialogue with Child Protection Officer about vulnerable pupils 
  • be developmental and appropriate to the age and stage of the child – common starting points are not assumed
  • inform children about changes and growing up as part of the Science and PSHE curriculum.

 

When teaching any work in SRE, sensitive questions may arise.  Such questions are answered as appropriate.  This is in accordance with DfE guidance (2000).  However, teachers should:

  • deflect questions that are of a personal nature
  • delay answers to some questions to allow clarification
  • not be drawn into providing more information than is appropriate to the age of the child
  • acknowledge questions that are too explicit which may need to be answered at a parent’s discretion by the parent or carer.

The Teaching Assistant

Teaching Assistants may support teachers in the preparation and organisation of resources and with particular children to facilitate access to materials (e.g. as a reader or scribe).  They should not work with children outside of the classroom.

Organisation and Content of Personal Development Education

At Croft Church of England Primary School, Personal Development Education is taught through the use of the Personal, Social and Health Education Programme and the Science and Computing Curriculum (Online safety).

Science 

EYFS

  • Know about similarities and differences in relation to living things. Talk about features of their own environment and how environments may vary from one another. Make observations of animals and explain why things occur and talk about changes (UW – ELG) 

Year 1

  • Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the human body is associated with each sense.
  • Notice that animals, including humans, have offspring, which grow into adults.
  • Find out about and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans for survival.
  • Describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amount of different types of food, and hygiene. 

Year 2

  • Notice that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults (life cycle – baby, toddler, child, teenager, adult)
  • Children should be introduced to the processes of reproduction and growth in animals. They should recognise growth, not be expected to understand how reproduction occurs.

Year 3

  • Explain the importance of a nutritionally balanced diet.
  • Describe and explain the skeletal system of a human.
  • Describe and explain the muscular system of a human.

 

Year 5

  • Describe the changes as humans develop to old age.
  • Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal (including human) an amphibian, an insect and a bird. 

Year 6

  • Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function. 

Computing – Online safety 

EYFS / KS1

  • Use technology safely and respectfully, keeping personal information private; identify where to go for help and support when they have concerns about content or contact on the internet or other online technologies. 

KS2

  • Use technology safely and respectfully, recognise acceptable/unacceptable behaviour; identify a range of ways to report concerns about content or contact. 

PSHE – taught through the theme of Me and My Relationships 

Year 1 

  • I know that there are different types of relationships – family, friends and others
  • I know that family and friends should care for each other
  • I know about change and loss and the associated feelings 

Year 2

  • I know about the changes that have happened to my body since birth
  • I can question whether boys and girls should behave differently 
  • I know the names for the main body parts (including external genitalia) and the similarities/differences between boys and girls
  • I understand the importance of valuing of one’s own body and recognising its uniqueness
  • I know that individuals have rights over their own bodies, and that there are differences between good and bad touching
  • I know who I can go to if I am worried about something
  • I know about the process of growing from young to old and how people’s needs change 

Year 3

  • I can identify different types of relationships and show ways to maintain positive and healthy relationships
  • I understand that relationships may change over time
  • I can judge what kind of physical contact is acceptable or unacceptable and how to respond - including who I should tell and how to tell them
  • I understand the difference between secrets and surprises and understand not to keep adult secrets and when to support a friend to tell a trusted adult
  • I know how other families are similar or different to mine
  • I understand that it is OK to be different to others
  • I understand about growing and changing and new opportunities and responsibilities that increasing independence may bring

Year 4

  • I feel good about myself and my body
  • I understand the language used to describe changes and feelings
  • I understand that my body and emotions will change as I grow older
  • I can recognise what love is
  • I know that there are different kinds of families and partnerships 

 

Year 5

  • I can name and explain male and female body parts, relating to Sex and Relationship Education
  • I know the ways in which boys and girls grow and develop in puberty – physically and emotionally
  • I recognise, as I approach puberty, how people’s emotions change at that time and how to deal with my feelings towards myself, my family and others in a positive way
  • I am aware of different types of relationships and what makes them a positive, healthy relationships and I have the skills to form and maintain a healthy relationship
  • I know where individuals, families and groups can get help and support 
  • I understand the importance of being respectful to everyone and to recognise and care about others people’s feelings but if appropriate I feel able to confidentially challenge their view point 

 Year 6

  • I know about human reproduction including conception
  • I understand the physical and emotional changes I will go through at puberty
  • I recognise different risks in different situations and then decide how to behave responsibly, including judging what kind of physical contact is acceptable or unacceptable
  • I understand that civil partnerships and marriages are examples of stable, loving relationships freely entered into by both people
  • I know that relationships change over time and that new relationships and friendships develop and the features of a positive healthy relationship
  • I know how to ask for help and have a range of strategies to resist pressure to do something dangerous, unhealthy, that makes me feel uncomfortable, anxious or that I believe is wrong including when to share a confidential secret
  • I can recognise the difference between aggressive and assertive behaviour and developed some strategies to resolve disputes and conflict 

Delivery of SRE 

Class teachers will deliver SRE curriculum across all Years with the support of a senior member of staff if required. This is to ensure children feel comfortable with the adults that are delivering SRE and the staff are aware of individual children’s circumstances. Children who have additional needs due to SEND / CLA / ethnicity / faith or sexual orientation will be assessed on an individual basis alongside parents/carers and other appropriate agencies.

Inclusion

Ethnic and Cultural Groups

We intend our policy to be sensitive to the needs of different ethnic, cultural and religious groups. We encourage parents/carers to discuss any concerns with the Head Teacher.

Pupils with Special Needs

We will ensure that all pupils receive age appropriate sex and relationship education, and we will offer provision appropriate to the particular needs of all our pupils, taking specialist advice where necessary. Staff must be aware that pupils with SEND may not always be able to express their concerns and appropriate support must be in place to ensure that pupils can effectively communicate eg visual aids, Makaton etc.  

Sexual Identity and Sexual Orientation

We aim to deal sensitively and honestly with issues of sexual orientation, answer appropriate questions and offer support.

Right of Withdrawal of Pupils from Sex and Relationship Education

Some parents prefer to take the responsibility for aspects of this element of education. They have the right to withdraw their children from all or part of the sex and relationship education except for those parts included in the statutory National Curriculum (i.e. in Science lessons). We would make alternative arrangements in such cases.  Parents are encouraged to discuss their decisions with teachers and the Head Teacher at the earliest opportunity.  Parents are welcome to review any PSHE resources the school uses.

Resources

At Croft Church of England Primary School, we have chosen to use the NYCC recommended resources produced by the Irish Health Services Executive. 

These resources - Busy Bodies are available to view on line at:

www.healthpromotion.ie/health/inner/busy_bodies

The DVD is split into 5 sections and will delivered by school staff:

1) Introduction to puberty - Years 5/6

2) What happens to boys? – Years 5/6 – shown to both boys and girls separately.

3) What happens to girls? – Years 5/6 – shown to both boys and girls separately*

4) How babies are made? – Year 6 only boys and girls separately

5) Enjoy growing up – looking after yourself – Years 5/6 boys and girls separately. 

 *This section may be shown to Year 4 girls with parental consent if appropriate. 

Parents will be consulted at a meeting prior to the resources being used in class and will be required to sign a consent form prior to these lessons.

Questions and Ground Rules 

Any PSHE lesson may consider questions or issues that some will find sensitive. Before embarking on these lessons, ground rules are established which prohibit inappropriate personal information being requested or disclosed by those taking part in the lesson. When pupils ask questions, we aim to answer them honestly, within the ground rules established at the start of the sessions. When it is felt that answering a specific question would involve information at a level inappropriate to the development of the rest of the pupils, the question may be dealt with individually at another time. 

All teachers and teaching assistants at Croft Church of England Primary School are aware of the age appropriate objectives for each year group outlined in our PHSE framework for SRE and an agreed deflective statement will be used to allow staff to be consistent in their approach. 

Currently, this statement is either:

That’s a really good question, I’m not going to answer that right now but I will come back to you about it.

The teacher will then be able to liaise with colleagues/ parents, check guidance/ resources etc. before returning to the child.

OR, for a question we are unable to answer due to the age of the child… 

‘That’s a really good question.’

If the answer is beyond our agreed appropriate age range, explain to the child that, ‘I am happy to share your question with mum/dad/carer later if you like so they can talk to you about it at home’ or if relevant tell them ‘we will learn about that when you’re a little older in year…’

 

Confidentiality 

It should be made clear to pupils that all adults in school cannot guarantee absolute confidentiality. This should be made clear when forming the class Ground Rules.

Monitoring and Evaluation of Personal Development Education

It is the responsibility of the Head teacher and Leadership Team to oversee and organise the monitoring and evaluation of PSHE, in the context of the overall school plans for monitoring the quality of teaching and learning.

The Governing Body is responsible for overseeing, reviewing and organising the revision of the Personal Social Health Education Policy.

 

Policy Rewritten – March 2017

Policy to be reviewed – March 2020 (or sooner if required)

 

Staff

 

Any staff requiring training in delivery of any aspect of this policy will be identified through individual performance review. This will then be included in the school improvement plan, appropriate training identified and undertaken.

 

The member of staff responsible for co-coordinating PSHCE and SRE policies is Mrs Prudhoe. The link governor is Mr Knapp.

 

 

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